Lavender Legends & Botanical Facts

A little bit of story and botanics to recognise True Lavender

Provence is a land of legends – and Lavender is a legend unto itself

There was once a lovely young elf maiden whose name was “Lavandula”. She was blonde with pretty blue eyes and was at the origin of all the wild lavenders on Lure Mountain.

One day, as she was thinking about places where she could settle and leafing through her book of beautiful landscapes, the elfin maiden stopped right on the page of Provence, and started crying tears of sadness, as she saw all the uncultivated arid land. Lavender-colored tears dropped onto the open page. Embarrassed, the little fairy dried her blue eyes, but drying her tears made fine lavender teardrops scatter all across the page. Desperate to cover up her teardrops, the fairy drew a vast blue sky over all of Provence. Since that day, lavender has grown on the arid soils and the young women of Provence have lavender-flecked blue eyes – especially in summer afternoons when they gaze at the sun-filled skies that light up the flowering lavender fields!

A nice legend and a few drops of essential oil of true lavender to relax… all you need to unwind, and dream away!

girl in a lavender field

A little bit of botanics to recognise true lavender

Do you know the difference between lavender and lavandin?

True lavender grows in the arid Provencal hills above 800 metres altitude. The southern slopes of the Sault plateau and the Albion plateau account for 70% of the population true lavender crop. True lavender is a small cluster and has only one flower on each stem. True lavender reproduces by seed. It is also called population lavender. It has long been used for its medicinal properties. It was referred to as blue gold, for it was highly sought after by the great perfume makers for its very delicate fragrance. The name of “true lavender” is used by the growers. It takes approximately 130 kilogrammes of lavender flowers to distil 1 litre of essential oil par. In a good year, one hectare of true lavender can produce up to 25 litres of essential oil. Spike lavender grows in scrubland between sea level and 600 metres altitude. Spike lavender grows in large clusters, with several spikes on a single stem. Each stem, therefore, bears several small flowers. Spike lavender reproduces via seed also. It is used very little in France. Its scent is very strong, very camphor-like. It is used in Spain and in Portugal as a solvent for oil paints and on porcelain.

Lavandin grows throughout the world between sea level and 800 metres altitude. Lavandin also grows in large clumps. It has 2 spikes and grows very big, round clusters. Lavandin is a hybrid. It is a cross between true lavender and spike lavender. Therefore it is sterile and is reproduced by man, through slips. It also referred to as a clone. Lavandin was bred in the 1950s, and since then has often been confused with true lavender. Confusing lavandin and true lavender is a mistake, for lavandin’s fragrance are much stronger and less subtle than true lavender, and it cannot be used for medicinal purposes. Lavandin is used industrially, to scent household products such as detergents. Lavandin flowers are used to make lavender sachets. It takes approximately 40 kilogrammes of lavandin flowers to make 1 litre of essential oil of lavandin – clearly, lavandin yield is more economic than true lavender!